Simply put, it is efficient and attainable since it allows patients to see significant results while using much lighter weights.
BFR training typically requires some form of easily doable but effective exercise personalized to the patient’s rehabilitation needs.
Through BFR, patients are better able to move actively, improve function, and improve independence and quality of life.
For many patients, the psychological buy-in of BFR is more immediate compared to other modalities used in rehabilitation (e.g., STM, electrical stimulation, ultrasound, joint mobilization, etc.).
Too often, after 4-6 weeks of repetition with other methods and little to show for it, patients tend to question the results and whether anything is actually happening. They can’t see a tendon being restructured, tissue being laid down, or their brain’s neural network labeling sensations as safe or threatening every time they do a squat. So, patient compliance can become challenging.
BFR training uses specifically designed cuffs to control the amount of oxygen available to a limb, replicating a high-intensity environment. If a patient lifts light weights combined with BFR, they will get similar results seen with heavy lifting. BFR is even more beneficial during rehabilitation because it enables a patient to exercise effectively, which is key to triggering tissue adaptation and recovery.
The low threshold required to use BFR combined with the potential benefits makes it a definite go-to for rehab. It offers enormous benefits for many musculoskeletal injuries, including bone fractures, muscle strains, post-surgical tendinous or ligamentous interventions, meniscus repair, Achilles or Patellar tendon repairs, and total joint replacement. If a patient needs simple but effective rehabilitation, BFR is an excellent first step.
Giles L, Webster K, McClelland J, Cook J., Quadriceps strengthening with and without blood flow restriction in the treatment of patellofemoral pain. A double blind randomized trial, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 20S (2017 e67-e105)